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TRI-TOWN YOUTH BASKETBALL LEAGUE
GUIDELINES AND RULES
  

LEAGUE-WIDE GUIDELINES AND RULES

 
LEAGUE GOALS

·         The goals of the Tri-Town Youth Basketball League (TTYBL) are to:

·         Create a recreational and competitively friendly environment in which children of varying skill levels have fun with basketball

·         Teach basketball skills, rules and strategy to our players

·         Model and teach competitiveness with an emphasis on good sportsmanship

·         Promote increased self-esteem among our children

·         Provide equal playing time for all participating players; this is discussed more thoroughly in Game Rules section

·         Safety is of utmost concern to the TTYBL. Coordinators, coaches, and referees should strive to avoid injury whenever possible.

 
MEMBERS AND ELIGIBILITY

·         The TTYBL consists of boys and girls teams from the communities of Wayland, Weston, and Lincoln. Boys and girls resident in the member community and currently enrolled in grades 3 through 8 are eligible. Teams from other nearby communities will be considered for inclusion on a case-by-case basis.

·         Additionally, students participating in the METCO program will be allowed to participate on a team from the town in which they attend school. 

 
AGE DIVISIONS
The TTYBL has three age divisions as follows:

·         Junior: Grades 3 and 4

·         Intermediate: Grades 5 and 6

·         Senior: Grades 7 and 8

Players may “play up” with a higher level team but are not allowed to play on a lower level team. Players may NOT participate on more than 1 league team (i.e. a player in the 6thgrade may play up on the 7th-8th grade team but may NOT also play on the 5th-6th grade team).
 
TEAM FORMATION

·         Each town will form as many teams at each age level as the number of players warrants, striving to have approximately 8-10 players per team.

·         It is a key goal of this league that the players within an age group be divided among teams with the objective of creating teams of equal strength. Doing so will help promote and ensure the maintenance of a competitive balance within the league.

·         Each town will be responsible for supplying contact information for its commissioners and coaches to facilitate communication regarding weather cancellations and score reporting.

 
TEAM GUIDELINES AND RULES
 
SPORTSMANSHIP
Coaches are responsible for ensuring that all members of the team and their fans practice good sportsmanship before, during and after the game. Coaches should:

·         support the referees and refrain from making derogatory comments towards or about them

·         refrain from actions or words that undercut the self-esteem of players on other teams or their own team

·         not allow your players to make derogatory comments towards other players, coaches or referees

·         not allow “talking trash”

·         support post-game “nice game” exchange between players and coaches

o    Good sportsmanship includes avoidance of unnecessary rough and ‘dirty’ play. Players, coaches, and referees should all strive in this regard.

o    Good sportsmanship also includes not running up the score. A team that is ahead by 20 points or more must pull its defense back to the 3 point line , not run fast breaks, and no full court defense

 
FACILITIES READINESS
The home team is responsible for providing:

·         timely access to gym 

·         game ball 

·         scorekeeper for official scorebook 

·         time keeper

 
PAYING REFEREES

·         For all junior games, there is one referee.   All other divisions have two referees per game.  Playoff games will have two referees per game in all divisions.

·         During the regular season, the home team is responsible for paying the referee or referees at each game.

·         For Wayland & Weston home games, the home-team coach will pay the referee(s) prior to the start of each game. For Lincoln home games, the town coordinator will pay the refs  One exception to the home team paying for the referees occurs when a visiting team does not show up for a game, resulting in a forfeiture, and has not provided notice to the home team in advance which results in the referees still showing up for the game. In that case, the visiting team that has forfeited will be responsible for reimbursing the home team for the full amount paid to the referees.

 
UNIFORMS
Teams are required to use reversible jerseys.   Home team wears white or light color. The digits 6, 7, 8 and 9 are not to be used in uniform numbers (e.g., 19 is an illegal number).  Players are not allowed to wear jewelry of any kind, including earrings, necklaces and bracelets.  Referees will ask players to remove any jewelry or unnecessary clothes (e.g. hats) before being allowed to play in a game.
 

GAME TIMES/ARRIVING ON TIME

·         The times listed on the league schedule are the game start times. Teams should arrive at the game site 20 minutes prior to the start of the game.

·         Each team shall be prepared to play at the scheduled start of the game. Teams are required to have 5 players to start a game. A grace period of 10 minutes is allowed, after which the delinquent team shall forfeit the game. 

·         If a forfeiture occurs and the other team has more than five players, the team with excess players is encouraged to “loan” players to the delinquent team so that the players may scrimmage and still get to play.

 
REPORTING SCORES
The score of each game will be reported on the TTYBL website as soon as possible after the game is played.  Scores will be emailed by the home team coach to a tritownbasketball@gmail.comfor posting. Specific procedures for posting the scores to the website will be supplied to the coaches.
 
INCLEMENT WEATHER/GAME CANCELLATIONS
When inclement weather threatens the safety of travel in the league’s region, the league will consider cancelling all games for that day. Any such league-wide cancellations will be posted on the league’s website as early as possible on game day. Also, in the case of league-wide cancellations, the league will contact the coordinator of league referees to alert him to the game cancellations.
 
In addition, because weather conditions can change rapidly and unpredictably, team coaches who determine that it is not safe for their team to travel to a game venue may also elect to cancel a game even if there has not been a league-wide cancellation. In such a case, coaches are asked to:


·         Make the determination as early as possible

·         Contact the town coordinator and coach for the opposing team – contact information will be provided to coaches.

·         Contact the coordinator of referees to cancel the referees for that game – contact information will be provided to coaches. In the event that the cancellation occurs too close to game time and the referee is already traveling to the game venue, the home team should still pay the referee for that game.

 
Games canceled due to inclement weather will not be rescheduled. The league, in its discretion, may decide to schedule make-up games in the event that there are an unusually large number of games cancelled due to inclement weather.
  
GAME RULES
 
HIGH SCHOOL RULES
Except where modified below, our games shall be conducted according to MIAA high school rules in effect at the time of a game. In all disputes, a referee’s decision is final.
 

GAME LENGTH

·          Games are comprised of two 20 minute halves with a running clock except for the final two minutes of each half when the clock stops for all referee whistles. The clock also stops for time-outs regardless of when they are called.

·         Games that have a tied score at the end of regulation are treated as follows:

·         For Junior and Intermediate level games, the game is over and the result is a tie.

·         For Senior level games, one overtime period will be played. Overtimes are 3 minutes in length, with a running clock for the first 2 minutes and with the clock stopping for all referee whistles during the final minute of the overtime.   If the score is tied at the end of one overtime, the result will be recorded as a tie.

·         Halftimes are 5 minutes for all divisions.

·         Playoff games are the same length as regular season games. However, in playoffs, overtimes will be conducted as follows. First overtime is 3 minutes, second (if needed) is two minutes, third (if needed) is sudden death. Stop time will be followed in overtimes.

  
TIME-OUTS
Each team is allowed 2 time-outs per half.
                   

KEEPING A GAME BOOK
For each game, the following statistics should be maintained, as they have a bearing on the outcome of a game: (a) individual fouls; (b) team fouls; (c) time outs; and (d) the running score.
                              

BALL SIZE

·         Junior: A junior-sized 27.5-inch ball is used for both boys and girls

·         Intermediate: A 28.5-inch ball is used for both boys and girls

·         Senior: Girls use a 28.5 inch ball, boys use a 29.5 inch ball

 
EQUAL PLAYING TIME
Coaches are expected to provide equal playing time for all players.  Coaches are expected to be aware of the playing time they have provided for each player and strive to keep it close to equal among all players. This rule applies to all games, including close games and the playoffs. If a coach desires to have an exception to this rule (e.g. a player has not attended practice and should not receive equal playing time as a discipline), the coach should inform the (child’s Parents), the refs and the other coach during a pregame coaching conference. Equal playing time is not to be varied by age or ability within players on a team. All players get equal playing time regardless of age, grade or ability.
 
To assist coaches in making substitutions that result in equal playing time, the league provides substitution templates on its web site for teams of all sizes. Coaches are strongly encouraged to use these templates to insure a distribution of equal playing time across all players.
                          

FOULS/FOUL SHOTS

·         Referees use common sense on violations. They should allow the kids to play. No advantage, no call.

·         The foul line distance for each age group is as follows:

·         Junior: Foul shots are taken from 12 feet rather than 15 feet. The judgment of the referee determines the 12-foot distance.

·         Intermediate: Foul shots are taken from the 15-foot foul line. However, if in the judgment of the referee a player goes over the line on a foul shot because of his/her strength, and clearly is not attempting to get an offensive rebound, no violation is called. Running in early by the shooter should always be called.

·         Senior: Foul shots are taken from the 15-foot foul line.

·         All age divisions shoot 1 and 1 beginning with the 7th foul of a half. There is no double-bonus.

·         A player fouls out of a game upon receiving his/her 5th foul.

·         Any player or coach who is assessed a technical foul is disqualified for the remainder of the game and for the team’s next league game.

 
DEFENSE/PRESSING
 All teams in all age brackets are required to play person-to-person defense. Zone defenses are not permitted. Double teaming, “helping out” when a player is driving toward the basket and switching off a pick are all allowed as part of a person-to-person defense in all divisions. Double-teaming is not allowed on the perimeter. Defenders are not required to pick up their person or guard closely at the perimeters. Judgment by the referee determines if a team is playing a zone defense.
 
 Full court pressing, which can include trapping in the back court, is subject to the following rules:

·         Juniors: No full court pressing at any time during the game.

·         Intermediate: Full court pressing is allowed only during the final 2 minutes of the second half.

·         Senior: Full court pressing is allowed during the final 2 minutes of both the first and second halves.

 
THREE POINTERS
There are no three-pointers in the Tri-Town league at the junior and intermediate levels. Seniors do have a three point shot.
 

THREE SECONDS IN THE LANE

·         In the Junior and Intermediate divisions, the three second rule (violation for being in the lane too long) will be enforceable at the discretion of the referee. While it will be enforced differently according to the level of the players, it should be called if it appears that a player obtains a competitive advantage by remaining in the lane more than 3 seconds.

·         The standard rule will be applied in the Senior division.

 
TEN SECONDS IN THE BACKCOURT

·         In the Junior and Intermediate divisions, a 10 second violation will only be called if, in the discretion of the referee, the referee believes that one team is gaining a competitive advantage by taking more than 10 seconds to cross half-court. 

·         The standard rule will be applied in the Senior division.

 
BACKCOURT

·         In the Junior division, a backcourt violation will only be called if, in the discretion of the referee, the referee believes that one team is gaining a competitive advantage by returning to the backcourt. 

·         The standard rule will be applied in the Intermediate and Senior divisions.